Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Notes | Class 10 Civics Chapter 3 Notes

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  • Racial discrimination against African-Americans was the focus of the US Civil Rights Movement. Martin Luther King Junior served as its leader.
  • Smith and Carlos, two African-American athletes who won the gold and bronze medals at the Olympics, attempted to raise awareness of the racial prejudice that is practiced against Africans in America by staging a protest at the award ceremony.
  • The difference in a group of individuals caused by their ethnicity, religion, language, or culture is referred to as a social difference.
  • A social division results from the combination of two or more social inequalities.
  • In the United States, the inequalities between Blacks and Whites led to social division.
  • A democracy is a kind of government that is run by, for, and by the people.
  • Competition between diverse political parties is a feature of democracy. Any community becomes divided by their rivalry.
  • Politics and social decisions are heavily influenced by three factors:
    • The result relies on how individuals view their identities.
    • How political leaders address community requests will determine the outcome.
    • Depending on how the government responds to various parties’ demands
  • If a positive attitude toward variety is maintained, political expression of social division in a democracy is fairly common and can even be beneficial.
  • In a homogeneous society, everyone shares a common religion, culture, and language.
  • The Indian social structure is multifaceted.
  • To combat racism, the Black Power Movement was launched in the USA in 1966 and lasted until 1975.
  • Those Africans whose ancestors were transported to America as slaves between the 17th and the early 19th century are referred to as afro-Americans.
  • The largest democracy in the world is India.
  • The democratic system in India is a parliamentary one.
  • The union and state governments are given different levels of authority under the Indian Constitution.
  • In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Black Power was a political movement that sought to express a fresh racial consciousness among Black Americans.
  • Migration is the movement of individuals across borders or from one location to another in search of work or for other reasons.
  • A country that is homogeneous becomes heterogeneous due to migration.


Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Notes | Class 10 Civics Chapter 3 Notes

Glimpses of India Summaries

Important Terms of Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Notes

  • Democracy: The representatives chosen by the electorate create a government. Democracy, then, is a system of government that is run by, for, and by the people.
  • Homogeneous Society : a community where the types of individuals are similar, especially when there are few noticeable ethnic differences.
  • Migrant: anybody who moves, frequently for job or other economic possibilities, from one country or region to another within the same country or to another country.
  • Civil Rights Movement : Martin Luther King Jr. started a nonviolent movement to combat the racism that was being practiced against Black African-Americans in the US.
  • African-American : Africans who were taken to America as slaves during the 17th and early 19th centuries and their descendants.
  • Black Power : The Black Power Movement began in 1966 and continued until 1975. It was an aggressive, racist movement that called for using violence to eradicate racism in the US.
  • Racism : a practice of treating people of different races unfairly.
  • Atheist : a person who do not believe in religion or God.
  • Overlapping Differences : We refer to social differences that cross over with other social differences as overlapping differences.
  • Cross-cutting Differences : Cross-cutting differences are those that affect multiple aspects of society at once.
  • Minority : communities where the population is less than 50% of the national average.
  • Forum : The forums refer to the lower courts.
  • Social Differences : societal diversity that varies from one society to another.
  • Discrimination : treating someone or a certain segment in society unfairly more often than often.
  • Multicultural Community : Multicultural communities are social groups created as a result of many cultural influences. Typically, migration is the cause of this.
  • Social Division : society is divided based on factors such as caste, race, religion, language, area, sex, etc.
  • Disintegration : breaking down into smaller pieces.


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