Novels Society and History Class 10 History Notes | Novels Society and History Class 10 Notes PDF

Hello Guys My Name is Ayan From CBSEMeterials – Free CBSE Study Meterials and Today I am going to share Novels Society and History Class 10 History Notes For Free and Which Helps you in Getting Good Marks in CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 6 Summary . You can also download Novels Society and History Class 10 History Notes PDF For Free of Cost. So without further ado

Join our Telegram Channel


Emergence of the Novel in the West

Quick Review

  • The novel provided freedom in terms of writing style.
  • The first object that was sold in large quantities was the novel.
  • The “Pickwick Papers” by Charles Dicken was published in serial form in a journal in 1836.
  • In his books, Charles Dickens mostly addressed the appalling realities of urban life under industrial capitalism.
  • The vast majority of the book’s readers were urban dwellers.
  • The book served as a link between the rural and urban areas.
  • The language of the book was regional.
  • The involvement of women was the novel’s most thrilling component.
  • The female novelists had an open mind.
  • Young boys loved adventure-filled books.
  • Early books gave readers a sense of belonging to an elite group of fellow colonists.
  • Novel writing started in the 17th century but really took off in the 18th.
  • Famous 18th-century novelists include Samuel Richardson, Walter Scott, and Henry Fielding.
  • The 1838 book “Oliver Twist” by Charles Dickens is a classic.
  • Germinal, written by Emile Zola in 1885, is centred on the deplorable circumstances of miners’ lives.
  • It was quite common to write love stories for teenage girls, such as Helen Hunt Jackson’s “Ramona” and Sarah Chauncey Woolsey’s “What Katy Did” series.
  • Novels by authors like Joseph Conrad depicted the darker aspect of colonial occupation.

Class 10 History Other Chapters

Important Novels :

Treasure IslandRobert Louis Stevenson
RamonaHelen Hunt
Jungle BookRudyard Kipling
What Katy DidSarah Chauncey Woolsey

Important foreign authors and their works include:

GerminalEmile Zola
Major of Caster bridgeThomas Hardy
Robinson CrusoeDaniel Defoe
Jane EyreCharlotte Bronte
A tale of Two Cities, David Copper fieldCharles Dickens.


Flowchart of Novels Society and History

Important Terms of Class 10 History Chapter 8

  • Epistolary: A string of letters has been written.
  • Vernacular: The tongue used by a specific region or population.
  • Serialised: A publishing format where a story is published in parts, each in a separate journal issue.
  • Satire: A hilarious means of criticising someone or something.
  • Gentlemanly classes: People with noble birth claims and high social status. They were expected to model appropriate behaviour.

The Age of Industrialization Class 10 Notes

Important Dates

  • 1719: The book “Robinson Crusoe” by Daniel Defoe was released.
  • 1740: In Europe, lending libraries were established.
  • 1749: Published was “Tom Jones” by Henry Fielding.
  • 1828: Leo Tolstoy, a well-known Russian author, was born.
  • 1836: Pickwick Papers by Charles Dicken was serialised in a magazine.
  • 1838: The novel “Oliver Twist” by Charles Dickens was released.
  • 1854: In his book “Hard Times” Clarles Dickens described the disastrous impacts of industrialisation on people’s lives and fictional characters.
  • 1883: The book “Treasure Island” by R.L. Stevenson was released.
  • 1885: The bleak circumstances of miners’ lives are shown in Emile Zola’s “Germinal.”
  • 1886: The Mayor of Casterbridge by Thomas Hardy was released.


Emergence of the Novel in India

Quick Review of Novels Society and History Notes

  • An early example of prose storytelling can be found in Banabhatta’s “Kadambari,” which was written in Sanskrit in the seventh century.
  • In the nineteenth century, India was the birthplace of the modern novel.
  • Bengali and Marathi were the languages used to write some of the earliest Indian novels. “Yamuna Paryatan” (1857) and “Muktamala” are two examples (1861).
  • The popularity of the novel was spread through translations into several regional tongues.
  • During the colonial era, novels appeared in South Indian languages.
  • The first modern novel written in Malayalam was titled “Indulekha.”
  • In 1878, Kandukuri Virensalingam published his first Telugu book, “Rajasekhara Caritamu.”
  • “Pariksha-Guru” was the title of Srinivas Das’s first contemporary book, which was released in 1882.
  • “Chandrakanta” was one of Devaki Nandan Khatri’s most well-known books.
  • Premchand is best known for his novels, particularly “Rangbhoomi” and “Godan.”
  • Sewa Sadan, another well-known book by Premchand, was published.

Important Points

  • Vernacular literature was a great way to learn about Indian culture and customs.
    • Up to twenty-two copies of detective and mystery books were printed in Tamil.
    • Women started to create novels as well. Their primary focus was on love stories.
    • Sultana’s Dream‘ is a satirical fantasy written in English by Rokeya Sakhawat Hossein
  • The novel “Padmarag” by Rokeyya Hossein emphasized the need for women to change their circumstances on their own.
    • According to reports, Hannah Mullens’ “Karuna O Phulmonir Bibaran” was the first Bengali book.
    • The only reason Sailabala Ghosh Jaya could write was because her husband looked out for her
  • A significant critique of caste discrimination is made in the book “Saraswativijayam” by North Kerala author Potheri Kunjambu.
    • The epic “Titash Ekti Nadir Naam” by Advaita Malla Burman is about the Mallas.
    • Early Muslim author Vaikkom Muhammad Basheer was well-known.
    • Anguriya Binimoy‘ by Bhudeb Mukhopadhyay was the first historical novel in Bengali.
    • Anandamath, a book by Bankim, served as inspiration for numerous independence fighters.

Important Indian Novelist and their works :

Novel NameWritters
Titash Ekti Nadir NaamAdvaita Malla Burman
SaraswativijayamPotheri Kunjambu
AnandmathBankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
Pariksha GuruShrinivas Das
GodanPrem Chand
Sultana’s DreamRokeya Hossein

Flowcharts of Novels Society and History Notes

[Part 2] Novels Society and History Notes | Novels Society and History Class 10 Notes PDF

Important Terms of  Novels Society and History Notes

  • Bhadralok : A Bengali term that means gentleman.
  • Colonialism : Policy of colony acquisition or maintenance.
  • Meyeli : A tongue used by Bengali females.
  • Kissa-goi : Storytelling is an art.
  • Fantasy : Imaginative writing or composition that uses fictional characters, etc.
  • Epic : A lengthy poem detailing the exploits or successes of a hero or a country.
  • Gentlemanly classes : People with aristocratic birthrights and great social status. They were expected to model appropriate behavior.
  • Historical novel : The book using historical events as its basis.
  • Dastan : Persian and Urdu have a long history of writing heroic and adventurous stories in prose.
  • Jatra : Dramatic presentation in public theaters. In Bengali rural society, it is particularly well-liked.
  • Protagonist : The protagonist of a drama, movie, or novel.
  • Slave trader : A dealer in slaves who buys and sells them.
  • Pen-name : Fictitious name adopted by a writer only for the purpose of writing anonymously.
  • Kabirlarai : A Bengali term for extempore poetry competitions between poets.

Important Dates

  • 1857 : Yamuna Paryatan, a Marathi novel by Baba Padmanji, was released.
  • 1857 : The first historical novel written in Bengal, “Anguriya Binimoy,” by Bhudeb Mukhopadhyay, was published.
  • 1865 : “Durgeshnandini,” a book by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, was released.
  • 1878 : The Telugu novel “Rajasekhara Caritamu” by Kandukuri Viresalingam was released.
  • 1882 : Das’s first book in Hindi, “Pariksha Guru,” was released.
  • 1882 : Anandmath, a book by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay that motivated independence warriors, was published.
  • 1889 : The first contemporary novel in Malayalam, “Indulekha,” by O. Chandu Menon, was published.
  • 1892 : Saraswati Vijayam is a well-known book written by North Keralan Potheri Kunjambu, a member of a lower caste.
  • 1905 : “Sultana’s Dream,” a satirical fantasy by Rokeya Hossein, was written in English.
  • 1916 : The book “Sewasadan” by Premchand was released.
  • 1936 : The novel “Godan,” written by Premchand, was published and quickly rose to fame.
  • 1956 : The epic “Titash Ekti Nadir Naam,” written by Advaita Malla Burman about the Mallas, a group of fisherman, was released.


Thank You for Reading Novels Society and History Class 10 History Notes. I Hope the Class 10 History Chapter 8 Notes PDF Solution Created by Team May Found Helpful for Your Class 10 Exam Preparation. If Found Any Error or Suggestion Please to Let Us Know

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *