[ Part 3] The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes | The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes PDF

[ Part 3] The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes | The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes PDF

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Quick Review of The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes [ Part 3]

  • The conservatives started using nationalist concepts to support the monarchy after 1848. Through this procedure, Germany and Italy were eventually united.
  • German professionals, business people, affluent artists, and artisans united together in 1848 to vote for an all-German National Assembly. They entered the Frankfurt parliament, which was gathered in the Church of St. Paul, in a joyful procession before taking their seats. Friedrich Wilhelm IV, King of Prussia, declined the crown when it was presented to him by members of the Parliament.
  • Following the Frankfurt Parliament, Prussia took the helm in bringing all of Germany together. Otto von Bismarck, the Chief Minister of Prussia, was the guy who was instrumental in the unification. Both the government and the military backed Bismarck. Between 1864 and 1870, three wars with Austria, France, and Denmark were waged in an effort to unite Germany.
  • The Halls of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles were where Kaiser William I, the King of Prussia, was declared the German Emperor on January 18, 1871. Modernizing the monetary, banking, legal, and judicial institutions was given top priority in the newly created Germany.
  • Italy was split into seven states in the middle of the 19th century. The Austrian portion of the Habsburg Empire governed over northern Italy, the Pope over central Italy, and the Bourbon rulers of Spain over southern Italy and Parma. The only state controlled by an Italian princely house was Sardinia Piedmont.
  • Mazzini presided as the Republican Party’s head. He had created covert organisations like Young Italy to rehabilitate Italy through education. The revolutionaries’ attempted uprisings in 1831 and 1848 were put down. Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia and Piedmont, was given the task of uniting Italy. Count Camillo di Cavour, the Chief Minister of Piedmont, assisted the monarch in forging an alliance with France, and together they destroyed the Austrian army in 1859.
  • The unification of Italy was significantly aided by Giuseppe Garibaldi. Along with his group of armed volunteers known as the “Red Shirts” he enlisted in the conflict. In 1860, Garibaldi and his forces invaded the Kingdom of Two Sicilies and southern Italy. Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed king of United Italy in 1861. Garibaldi and his men launched an assault on the French troops positioned in the Papal states in 1867.
  • Britain’s history of nation-state consolidation without uprisings or revolutions is distinct. Ethnic English, Welsh, Scots, or Irish people once lived in the British Isles. As the English nation grew more powerful and prosperous, it started to have an impact on the other island nations.
  • Following the Parliament’s seizure of the monarchy’s power in 1688, the idea of nation states, with England at its core, emerged. The “United Kingdom of Great Britain” was established in 1707 as a result of the Act of Union between England and Scotland.
  • Scotland’s cultural and political institutions were repressed in order to promote the development of British identity. Ireland was governed by the British as well. Catholics and Protestants lived in a sharply divided Ireland. The English supported the protestants and helped them establish their hegemony over an Ireland that was predominately Catholic.
  • Following a failed Irish uprising, Ireland was forcibly absorbed into the United Kingdom in 1801. The English language, the Union Jack flag, and the British national song, ‘God save our Novel King‘, served as the symbols of the new Britain.

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Flowcharts of The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes [ Part 3]

Nationalism in India Class 10 Notes
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Personalities The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes [ Part 3]

  • Otto Von Bismarck : Otto Von Bismarck, the Chief Minister of Prussia, was a key player in the unification of Germany. Both the government and the military backed Bismarck.
  • Kaiser William : In the Halls of Mirrors at Versailles, Kaiser William I, the King of Prussia, was crowned the German Emperor on January 18, 1871. Modernizing the monetary, banking, legal, and judicial institutions was given top priority in the newly created Germany.
  • Count Camillo di Cavour : Count Camillo di Cavour, the Chief Minister of Piedmont, assisted the monarch in forging an alliance with France, and together they destroyed the Austrian army in 1859.
  • Giuseppe Garibaldi : The unification of Italy was significantly aided by Giuseppe Garibaldi. Along with his group of armed volunteers known as the “Red Shirts,” he enlisted in the conflict. In 1860, Garibaldi and his forces invaded the Kingdom of Two Sicilies and southern Italy.

Important Dates of The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes [ Part 3]

  • 1855 : In the Crimean War, the Kingdom of Sardinia fought with the British and the French.
  • 1858 : Cavour united with France in an alliance.
  • 1859-1870 : Italy’s Unification.
  • 1859 : With France’s help, Sardinia-Piedmont was able to beat the Austrian army. Many people joined the revolution under Giuseppe Garibaldi’s leadership.
  • 1860 : The forces of Sardinia-Piedmont invaded South Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, driving out the Spanish occupants.
  • 1861 : Rome was designated as Italy’s capital, and Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed the monarch of United Italy.
  • 1866-1871 : Germany’s Unification
  • 1871 : The German Emperor was declared to be William I, the King of Prussia.
  • 1905 : The Habsburg and Ottoman empires are where the forces of Slavic nationalism assemble.
  • 1914 : Beginning of the First World War.

Conclusion of The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Notes [ Part 3]

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